The mournful story of the death of the Duke of Wellington at Walmer Castle on 14th September 1852
The 18th Century aristocracy were addicted to written communication. They wrote copious letters and kept detailed diaries of their everyday activities. It is therefore doubly curious that there still remains uncertainty about both the birthdate and the birthplace of Arthur Wesley, First Duke of Wellington.
Until 2002 there were no memorials at either Quatre Bras or Waterloo to the British Army. Even though there were monuments to the Belgian, Dutch , German and French armies. In 1998 the Duke of Wellington decided to set this right and started a joint Anglo-Belgian project to erect a memorial at Quatre Bras.
These are stories that seem to belong to another age, legends of centaurs, titans, with human heads and the bodies of horses galloping to the assault of Olympus, horrible, sublime, invulnerable beings, both gods and beasts ….
WATERLOO ASSOCIATION EXPEDITION TO IRELAND 2018 In August we undertook our most ambitious trip yet, a 5 day + trip to look at Ireland in the 18th century concentrating on Wellington sites (he was born in Dublin on 1st May 1769) and sites connected with the 1798 rebellion (many people he knew served in the […]
Waterloo General – The Life, Letters and Mysterious Death of Major General Sir William Ponsonby 1772-1815’
A VISITOR TO DEVON by Dr Hugh Wills At Sea in Plymouth Sound One careless word from Midshipman Home was all it took, and a gaggle of twenty white-frocked Brixham girls headed for the quayside. They mobbed the shore party and had to be man-handled out of the ship’s cutter, probably with some degree of […]
An account of a journey across the present day battle-sites of the Waterloo Campaign by horse. By Evelyn Webb-Carter- Chairman of the Waterloo Association.
The late Duke was a distinguished soldier during and after the Second World War being awarded an MC for his gallantry in an action, ironically against the Vichy French in Syria in 1941.
By. MKH Crumplin MB BS FRCS (Eng and Ed) FHS FINS Hon. Curator at the Royal College of Surgeons of England; archivist to the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland In 1794, a distinguished Scots surgeon, John Bell pleaded for reform, “The situation of a military surgeon is more important than of any […]
BRITISH LIBRARY The British Library at St Pancras is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued. There main catalogue for millions of records for books, journals, printed maps, scores, electronic resources, sound archive items an extensive archive of documents and correspondence and electronically, newspapers, where the collection goes […]
The Battle of Fishguard, which took place 22-24 February 1797, was the last time a hostile foreign force landed on British soil, and is therefore often referred to as “the last invasion of Britain”.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based non-profit digital library with the stated mission of “universal access to all knowledge. It contains online reproductions of 11 million books, including a number contemporaneous with the Napoleonic Wars. The books can be viewed and downloaded in a variety of formats. Many of the works are out of […]
The University of Southampton will be holding its Seventh Wellington Congress 12-14 April 2019. Submissions may come from any discipline that focuses on this period.
This Documentary is about the rise and fall of Napoleon I.
The National Archives (TNA) is home to millions of historical documents, known as records, which were created and collected by UK central government departments and major courts of law.
When researching anything, be it family, local or national history, then a very useful first port of call should be your local library service.
Sean Bean begins his journey of discovery at Chatham in South East England, where a large group of history enthusiasts are rehearsing to take part in a huge reenactment.
Sean stands with historian Professor Saul David where the British and French infantry first clashed at Waterloo.
Recreation of the Battle of Waterloo at Hougoumont in lego as part of the commemoration for the 200 anniversary.
After the battle of Trafalgar in October 1805, there occurred the following year a land battle, which though small scale and unimportant in many ways, crucially showed that in the right circumstances that the British could also defeat the French on land.
Ever since the beginning of the war with France in 1793, the Royal Navy had been used to land troops on widely scattered and usually unhealthy coasts in the forlorn hope of making a decisive attack on the French.
Signalling systems in use during the war with France 1793-1815
In May 2017 the Waterloo Association ran a weekend trip to Waterloo focusing on the Prussian perspective.
The Walcheren Campaign was an unsuccessful British expedition to the Netherlands in 1809.
The Plains of Waterloo is easy-listening, foot-tapping music that anyone with an interest in folk music will enjoy.
Armies of the Napoleonic Wars is a single volume study of the major armies of the period, edited by Gregory Fremont-Barnes.
Field Marshal John Colborne, 1st Baron Seaton (1778-1863), most famous for commanding the 52nd Regiment of Foot at Waterloo.
The Waterloo campaign – What was it all about?
Napoleon returns to France and takes power again in a bloodless coup.
Order of Battle.
A Congress had been convened at Vienna to sort out all of the difficult questions over land rights and borders after such a long war.
Some 14,000 French soldiers were tied down in attacking the farm complex, its gardens and orchard, throughout the day; the Allies defending numbered about 3,000, with another 3,000 in close support.
France prepares to fight the allies.
This was intended to be the French main attack and certainly given the approach of the Prussians to the battlefield was the only one with any potential of lasting success.
Napoleon had secretly managed to march his army of about one hundred and twenty thousand men into an area just south of Charleroi by the night of the 14 June.
Two brigades of British heavy cavalry surprise d’Erlon’s troops and destroy them – only to be destroyed in their turn.
By 2pm on 16 June, Blucher however had some 83,000 men and 224 cannon, with which to face Napoleon’s 63,000 men and 230 cannon.
Whilst Blucher and Napoleon fought at Ligny, a battle of encounter was played out at the crossroads at Quatre Bras.
Ney launches huge cavalry attacks in Wellington’s centre in the belief that his squares would not hold.
The morning of the 17th June was full of confusion, with no one really sure what the other armies were doing.
The Prussian advance from Wavre and Grouchy’s pursuit.
Waterloo in 500 words.
The 2nd Light Battalion KGL and other supporting troops held out for much of the day, but finally succumbed – It was no massacre however.
Marshal Grouchy had moved slowly north east from Ligny during the afternoon and evening of 17 June, unsure in which direction the Prussians had retreated.
The Duke of Saxe Weimar’s troops hold onto Papelotte against the attacks of the French and the Prussians!
Having pursued the French from the field, the Prussians pushed on all night with their cavalry beating drums and blowing horns to disconcert any attempt to rally the French troops.
The fighting for Plancenoit was bitter and without mercy.
Napoleon takes his last gamble, launching his final reserve in an effort to smash wellington’s army.