Also known as the Battle of the Douro.
Alba de Tormes (Battle of)
The British troops were able to complete their embarkation, but left the port cities of Corunna and Ferrol, as well as the whole of northern Spain, to be captured and occupied by the French. During the battle, Sir John Moore, the British commander, was mortally wounded
The first battle fought by the British army during the Peninsular War.
On hearing of the rebellion in Spain, Spanish General Belesta, having participated in the Invasion of Portugal, and stationed in Porto with 6,000 Spanish troops, captures the French General of Division Quesnel, and marches to Coruña to join the fight against the French troops, sparking off a series of uprisings throughout the north of Portugal.
Tudela (Battle of)
Following the fighting at the Royal Palace, rebellion spread to other parts of the city, with street fighting in different areas including heavy fighting around the Puerta del Sol, the Puerta de Toledo and at the barracks of Monteleón. Martial law was imposed on the city. Hundreds of people died in the fighting, including around 150 French […]
Napoleon’s elder brother, Joseph Bonaparte, proclaimed King of Spain. His reign lasted until 11 December 1813, when he abdicated and returned to France after the French defeat at the Battle of Vitoria in 1813.
Sahagún (Battle of)
In his letter to his brother Louis, dated 27 March 1808, offering him the throne of Spain, Napoleon stated that he had 100,000 troops in Spain, and that 40,000 of them had entered Madrid with Murat on 23 March 1808.
Napoleon turns his troops against Moore‘s British forces, who are forced to retreat back towards Galicia three weeks later and, after a last stand at theBattle of Corunna in January 1809, withdraw from Spain.
Famous for the Polish light cavalry uphill charge, in columns of four, against Spanish artillery positions. The heavily outnumbered Spanish detachment of conscripts and artillery were unable to stop the Grande Armée‘s advance on Madrid, and Napoleon entered the capital of Spain on 4 December, a month after entering the country.
Following his victory at the Battle of Vimeiro (21 August) Sir Arthur Wellesley, against his wishes, was ordered by his immediate superiors, Sir Harry Burrard and Sir Hew Dalrymple, to sign the preliminary Armistice. The subsequent convention, agreed between Dalrymple and Kellerman, and despite the protests of the Portuguese commander, Freire, allowed the evacuation of Junot‘s 20,900 troops from Portugal to France with all their […]
Led to the signing of the Convention of Sintra on 30 August 1808, putting an end to Napoleon’s invasion of Portugal.
Also known as the Battle of Moclín, from the name of a nearby hill held by Spanish infantry.
Vedel, with the 6,000 men, 700 horse, and 12 guns of the 2nd Division, sets out south from Toledo to force a passage over the Sierra Morena, hold the mountains from the guerrillas, and link up with Dupont, pacifying Castile-La Mancha along the way. Vedel is joined during the march by small detachments under Roize […]
Abdication: Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favour of his son, Ferdinand VII
The Portuguese Legion, comprising 6,000 Portuguese soldiers, sent to France.
Junot occupies Lisbon
The Royal Court of Portugal, headed by the Prince Regent, Prince John and his mother, Maria I of Portugal, set sail for Brazil, escorted by the British Royal Navy, led by Sir Sidney Smith and Sir Graham Moore (younger brother of Sir John Moore).
The accord proposed the division of the Kingdom of Portugal and all Portuguese dominions between the signatories.
Junot crosses into Spain with 28,000 troops. The Treaty of Fontainebleau, to be signed later that month, stipulates that three columns of Spanish troops numbering 25,500 men will support the Invasion of Portugal. Junot enters Portugal 19 November.